SAMD21 Clock Config

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Hi,

Is it possible for SAMD21(Atsamd21e16b) to operating frequency a 48MHz without external crystal. I configure the SAMD21 to work at 48MHz but it is not stable.

 

My conf_clocks.h file,

/**
 * \file
 *
 * \brief SAM D21 Clock configuration
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2014-2015 Atmel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *
 * \asf_license_start
 *
 * \page License
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
 *    and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * 3. The name of Atmel may not be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *    from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * 4. This software may only be redistributed and used in connection with an
 *    Atmel microcontroller product.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ATMEL "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE
 * EXPRESSLY AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL ATMEL BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
 * ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * \asf_license_stop
 *
 */
/*
 * Support and FAQ: visit <a href="http://www.atmel.com/design-support/">Atmel Support</a>
 */
#include <clock.h>

#ifndef CONF_CLOCKS_H_INCLUDED
#  define CONF_CLOCKS_H_INCLUDED

/* System clock bus configuration */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_CPU_CLOCK_FAILURE_DETECT     false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_FLASH_WAIT_STATES            2
#  define CONF_CLOCK_CPU_DIVIDER                  SYSTEM_MAIN_CLOCK_DIV_1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_APBA_DIVIDER                 SYSTEM_MAIN_CLOCK_DIV_1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_APBB_DIVIDER                 SYSTEM_MAIN_CLOCK_DIV_1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_APBC_DIVIDER                 SYSTEM_MAIN_CLOCK_DIV_1

/* SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M configuration - Internal 8MHz oscillator */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC8M_PRESCALER              SYSTEM_OSC8M_DIV_1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC8M_ON_DEMAND              true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC8M_RUN_IN_STANDBY         false

/* SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_XOSC configuration - External clock/oscillator */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_ENABLE                  false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_EXTERNAL_CRYSTAL        SYSTEM_CLOCK_EXTERNAL_CRYSTAL
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_EXTERNAL_FREQUENCY      12000000UL
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_STARTUP_TIME            SYSTEM_XOSC_STARTUP_32768
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_AUTO_GAIN_CONTROL       true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_ON_DEMAND               true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC_RUN_IN_STANDBY          false

/* SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_XOSC32K configuration - External 32KHz crystal/clock oscillator */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_ENABLE               false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_EXTERNAL_CRYSTAL     SYSTEM_CLOCK_EXTERNAL_CRYSTAL
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_STARTUP_TIME         SYSTEM_XOSC32K_STARTUP_65536
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_AUTO_AMPLITUDE_CONTROL  false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_ENABLE_1KHZ_OUPUT    false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_ENABLE_32KHZ_OUTPUT  true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_ON_DEMAND            true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_XOSC32K_RUN_IN_STANDBY       false

/* SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC32K configuration - Internal 32KHz oscillator */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC32K_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC32K_STARTUP_TIME          SYSTEM_OSC32K_STARTUP_130
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC32K_ENABLE_1KHZ_OUTPUT    true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC32K_ENABLE_32KHZ_OUTPUT   true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC32K_ON_DEMAND             true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_OSC32K_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false

/* SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_DFLL configuration - Digital Frequency Locked Loop */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_ENABLE                  true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_LOOP_MODE               SYSTEM_CLOCK_DFLL_LOOP_MODE_USB_RECOVERY
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_ON_DEMAND               true

/* DFLL open loop mode configuration */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_FINE_VALUE              (512)

/* DFLL closed loop mode configuration */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_SOURCE_GCLK_GENERATOR   GCLK_GENERATOR_1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_MULTIPLY_FACTOR         (48000000 / 32768)
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_QUICK_LOCK              true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_TRACK_AFTER_FINE_LOCK   true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_KEEP_LOCK_ON_WAKEUP     true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_ENABLE_CHILL_CYCLE      true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_MAX_COARSE_STEP_SIZE    (0x1f / 4)
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DFLL_MAX_FINE_STEP_SIZE      (0xff / 4)

/* SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_DPLL configuration - Digital Phase-Locked Loop */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_ENABLE                  false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_ON_DEMAND               true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_RUN_IN_STANDBY          false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_LOCK_BYPASS             false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_WAKE_UP_FAST            false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_LOW_POWER_ENABLE        false

#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_LOCK_TIME               SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_DPLL_LOCK_TIME_DEFAULT
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_REFERENCE_CLOCK         SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_DPLL_REFERENCE_CLOCK_XOSC32K
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_FILTER                  SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_DPLL_FILTER_DEFAULT

#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_REFERENCE_FREQUENCY     32768
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_REFERENCE_DIVIDER       1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_OUTPUT_FREQUENCY        48000000

/* DPLL GCLK reference configuration */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_REFERENCE_GCLK_GENERATOR  GCLK_GENERATOR_1
/* DPLL GCLK lock timer configuration */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_DPLL_LOCK_GCLK_GENERATOR     GCLK_GENERATOR_1

/* Set this to true to configure the GCLK when running clocks_init. If set to
 * false, none of the GCLK generators will be configured in clocks_init(). */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_CONFIGURE_GCLK               true

/* Configure GCLK generator 0 (Main Clock) */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_0_ENABLE                true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_0_RUN_IN_STANDBY        true
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_0_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_DFLL
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_0_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_0_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 1 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_1_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_1_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_1_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_XOSC32K
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_1_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_1_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 2 (RTC) */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_2_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_2_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_2_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC32K
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_2_PRESCALER             32
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_2_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 3 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_3_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_3_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_3_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_3_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_3_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 4 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_4_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_4_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_4_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_4_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_4_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 5 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_5_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_5_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_5_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_5_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_5_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 6 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_6_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_6_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_6_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_6_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_6_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 7 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_7_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_7_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_7_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_7_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_7_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

/* Configure GCLK generator 8 */
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_8_ENABLE                false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_8_RUN_IN_STANDBY        false
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_8_CLOCK_SOURCE          SYSTEM_CLOCK_SOURCE_OSC8M
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_8_PRESCALER             1
#  define CONF_CLOCK_GCLK_8_OUTPUT_ENABLE         false

#endif /* CONF_CLOCKS_H_INCLUDED */

 

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electronox wrote:
Is it possible for SAMD21(Atsamd21e16b) to operating frequency a 48MHz without external crystal

Yes - the PLL can obtain it from the internal oscillators.

 

Remember to check your waitstates ...

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"Hi,

Is it possible for SAMD21(Atsamd21e16b) to operating frequency a 48MHz without external crystal. I configure the SAMD21 to work at 48MHz but it is not stable."

 

"Yes - the PLL can obtain it from the internal oscillators."

 

To add to awneil's answer, the internal oscillators are stable enough for some communications and not for others.  If you say it is not stable - I assume you mean not stable enough for you - add an external clock.  MEMS 32.768KHz clocks are small and cheap.  Crystals are cheap but can be finicky at MHz range if your layout is marginal.  MHz oscillators are cheaper than debug time.

 

If you have high speed comms or CAN bus or fast USB, a stable clock prevents a lot of headaches.

jeff

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Hi,
Thanks for your answers. And my problem details are that Mcu generate PWM when mcu clock is 48MHz. So I define PWM_frequency=Mcu_Clock/Period_Register. Ex. 55kHz=48MHz/873. But PWM frequency is not stable. It is between 54kHz to 56kHz. In my opinion, Mcu clock is not stable so pwm clock break down. Can I fix pwm frequency/mcu clock?

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You will need to look at the datasheet to see if the fast RC clock is that unstable.  Also, I had zero success with the DFLL stability on the SAMD51 and neither have the ADAFRUIT team last i talked to them.  I can't say that correlates over to D21.

 

Try the FDPLL because I am pretty sure the fast RC should be a little more stable than this.

 

If that does not fix it then you definitely need an external clock, e.g. DSC6083MI2A-032K768T is easy to dead-bug and white wire.  

jeff

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Hi,

Thanks for your suggestion but PCB has manufactured. So I investigate software solution. Hardware updates are second part. Also I haven't empty pin(not connect somewhere).

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OK, you can run the 8MHz FRC to FDPLL0 in software.  It will verify whether the FFL or FRC is the instability source.

jeff